SCOV-CNN: A Simple CNN Architecture for COVID-19 Identification Based on the CT Images

Toto Haryanto - IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Heru Suhartanto - Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Aniati Murni - Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Kusmardi Kusmardi - Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Marina Yusoff - Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia
Jasni Zain - Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia

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Since the coronavirus was first discovered in Wuhan, it has widely spread and was finally declared a global pandemic by the WHO. Image processing plays an essential role in examining the lungs of affected patients. Computed Tomography (CT) and X-ray images have been popularly used to examine the lungs of COVID-19 patients. This research aims to design a simple Convolution Neural Network (CNN) architecture called SCOV-CNN for the classification of the virus based on CT images and implementation on the web-based application. The data used in this work were CT images of 120 patients from hospitals in Brazil. SCOV-CNN was inspired by the LeNet architecture, but it has a deeper convolution and pooling layer structure. Combining seven and five kernel sizes for convolution and padding schemes can preserve the feature information from the images.  Furthermore, it has three fully connected (FC) layers with a dropout of 0.3 on each. In addition, the model was evaluated using the sensitivity, specificity, precision, F1 score, and ROC curve values. The results showed that the architecture we proposed was comparable to some prominent deep learning techniques in terms of accuracy (0.96), precision (0.98), and F1 score (0.95). The best model was integrated into a website-based system to help and facilitate the users' activities. We use Python Flask Pam tools as a web server on the server side and JavaScript for the User Interface (UI) Design



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