Systematic Literature Review on Augmented Reality with Persuasive System Design: Application and Design in Education and Learning

Mohd Asrul Nasirudin - Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Johor, 86400, Malaysia
Mohd Farhan Md Fudzee - Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Johor, 86400, Malaysia
Norhalina Senan - Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Johor, 86400, Malaysia
Che Samihah Che Dalim - Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Johor, 86400, Malaysia
Deden Witarsyah - Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia
Aldo Erianda - Politeknik Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia

Citation Format:



Augmented Reality (AR) is an innovative technology that has gained significant scholarly attention. It uses computer-generated sensory inputs like visuals, sounds, and touch to enhance how we perceive the real world, providing a transformative impact on human sensory experiences. Motivated by the possibilities of augmented reality (AR) in the realm of the educational learning environment, this research aims to document the evolving landscape of augmented reality (AR) applications in education and training, with a specific emphasis on the incorporation of persuasive system design (PSD) elements. The study also explores the diverse technologies and methodologies for developing these applications. A systematic literature review was conducted, analyzing 44 articles following the protocol for PRISMA assessments. Four research questions were formulated to investigate trends in AR applications. Between 2016 and 2023, publications on AR applications doubled, with a significant focus on the educational field. Marker-based AR methods dominated (68.49%), while markerless methods constituted 31.51%. Unity and Vuforia were the most used platforms, accounting for 77.27% of applications. Most research papers assessed application effectiveness subjectively through custom-made questionnaires. University students were identified as the primary target users of AR applications. Only a few applications integrated persuasive elements, even for adult users. This highlights the need for further studies to fully grasp the possibilities of combining persuasive system design with augmented reality applications in education


Augmented reality; AR; education; persuasive system design; PSD.

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